Cardiopulmonary Department Services

Respiratory Therapy

Respiratory Therapy at Delta County Memorial Hospital provides services to patients who require treatment or diagnosis of health care issues affecting the cardiopulmonary system.

Registered Respiratory Therapist (RRT) professionals provide care 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. A Respiratory Therapist is a specially trained and highly skilled professional providing comprehensive care to help manage a wide range of breathing problems caused by disease or illness such as pneumonia, asthma, COPD, cardiovascular disorders and problems caused by trauma and accidents. They evaluate, treat, educate, and monitor patients while working in a variety of health care settings with the infant to adult population in the emergency room, nursery, Intensive Care Unit, the general inpatient care area and outpatient services.

Care provided includes life support, arterial blood gas analysis, assistance in labor and delivery, assessment of the pulmonary system, the therapeutic and diagnostic use of medical gases, treatment therapies, medications to the cardiopulmonary system, assistance with CPR, support for patients recovering from surgery, and maintaining artificial airways while operating highly technical medical equipment.

Cardiac and Pulmonary Diagnostic Testing

Diagnostic testing assists our medical staff in the diagnosis and evaluation of lung and heart conditions. These services are available for both inpatients and outpatients to include Pulmonary Function Testing, EKGs, Holter Monitoring, Cardiac Event Monitoring, regular cardiac stress testing, cardiac nuclear medicine stress tests, Echocardiograms (heart ultrasound) and EEG testing.

Patients receiving care range in age from infancy to geriatrics.

Pulmonary Function Testing
Pulmonary Function Testing (PFTs) are non-invasive specialty tests to evaluate the function of the lungs. The tests measure lung volume, capacity, rates of flow, and gas exchange. This information can help a healthcare provider diagnose and decide the treatment of certain lung disorders.

Echocardiogram
An echocardiogram uses high frequency sound waves to produce complex images of the heart to look at the chambers, valves, walls, blood vessels and pumping strength to evaluate the structure and function of the heart.

The doctor may order an echocardiogram if he or she suspects problems with the valves or chambers of your heart or if heart problems are the cause of symptoms such as shortness of breath or chest pain which may identify heart disease.

Regular Cardiac Stress Testing and Cardiac Nuclear Stress Testing
Cardiac nuclear medicine stress tests are indicated for individuals with unexplained chest pain or chest pain brought on by exercise (called angina) to permit the early detection of heart disease. The most common cardiac nuclear medicine procedure, called myocardial perfusion imaging, enables the visualization of blood-flow patterns to the heart walls. The test is important for evaluating the presence of suspected or known coronary artery disease (blockages), as well as the results of previous injury to the heart from a heart attack (myocardial infarction).

EEG (Electroencephalogram)
An EEG (electroencephalogram) records the electrical activity of the brain. An EEG test is totally painless and usually takes about 1 ½ hours. An EEG is a diagnostic tool used to evaluate seizure disorders/epilepsy, stroke, problems of the central nervous system, degenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease or Parkinson's disease, head trauma, unexplained headaches, and brain tumors.

Sleep Disorders Lab

The Sleep Disorders Lab is designed to provide a quiet context for evaluating symptoms of sleep disorders such as insomnia, excessive snoring, fatigue and inappropriate "dozing off" during normal activities like driving or working. Sleep studies are used to diagnose and evaluate effectiveness of therapy for obstructive sleep apnea, narcolepsy, restless leg syndrome, complex sleep apnea and other disorders.

Sleep Disorder Symptoms
People may have sleep apnea and not be aware of it.  People with sleep apnea may stop breathing numerous times during the night and not be fully awaken to realize it.  In many cases, a household member is the first to notice that a person snores loudly, stops breathing for periods of time, and gasps or snorts during sleep.  Daytime drowsiness, headache upon awakening, weight gain, depression, irritability, leg swelling, sexual dysfunction, and difficulty thinking or remembering may be signs of sleep apnea. 

Sleep apnea can contribute to high blood pressure, and researchers suspect that up to half of all people with sleep apnea have high blood pressure.  The consequences of untreated sleep apnea can be severe or life threatening and can contribute to serious medical complications, including stroke, irregular heartbeat, heart attack, and sudden death.

Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment is essential.

Sleep is as central as diet and exercise to our overall health. Sleep helps repair muscle tissue and helps the brain organize-and discard-the massive amounts of information that is received throughout the day. If you're tired of being tired, you can begin by working with your primary care doctor to find out just how serious your sleep problem is. If necessary, your primary doctor will refer you to a sleep lab. Sleep apnea may be treated or managed with lifestyle changes, use of a breathing assist device at night or possibly surgery.

Below are some of the most common sleep disorders that we treat:

Insomnia
Insomnia is a persistent inability to fall asleep or stay asleep.

Snoring
Snoring is a partial obstruction of the upper airway shown to increase the risk of heart attacks and/or strokes. Loud, heavy snoring also can be a symptom of a more serious disorder known as sleep apnea.

Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea is a life threatening disorder that causes a person to stop breathing periodically while sleeping.

Narcolepsy
Narcolepsy is a neurological illness characterized by sudden, uncontrollable sleep attacks and persistent daytime sleepiness.

Restless Leg Syndrome (Nocturnal Myoclonus)
Nocturnal Myoclonus is a disorder characterized by excessive movement of the legs during sleep, which causes arousal, also known as Restless Leg Syndrome.

Parasomnias
Parasomnias are abnormal and recurrent nighttime behavior such as sleepwalking, sleep talking, night terrors, head banging etc.

For more information regarding Cardiopulmonary services or to schedule an appointment, please call: (970) 874-2251.